Specialist Services

Understanding of ecological processes and social behaviour is fundamental in determining sustainable practices. In order to gain this understanding, SEF provides clients with a holistic, multi-disciplinary approach to the identification, understanding and management of the natural resources and social environments, thereby allowing their clients to make informed decisions.
Biodiversity Management

  • Baseline Biodiversity Surveys (Flora and Fauna)
  • Biodiversity Impact and Mitigation Assessments
  • Biodiversity Monitoring Programmes
  • Protected Areas Management Plans
  • Biodiversity Management Strategies
  • Biodiversity Action Plans (BAP)
  • Alien and Invasive Management Plans
  • Floral Rescue and Relocation Plans and Implementation
  • Biodiversity Offset Assessments
  • Biodiversity Management Plans for ecosystems (BMP-E) and species (BMP-S)
  • Ecological Risk Assessments
  • Ecological Assessments for Greenstar rating tools
Aquatic Ecosystems Management

  • Aquatic Baseline Biodiversity Assessments, including the determination of the Present Ecological State (PES) and Ecological Importance and Sensitivity (EIS)
  • Aquatic Impact and Mitigation Assessments
  • Development and Implementation of Bio-monitoring Plans and Programmes (EcoStatus approach)
  • Aquatic Toxicological Assessments
  • Ecological Flow Requirements
  • Bioaccumulation Studies
  • Fish Kill Assessments
  • Telemetry Surveys
  • Human Health Risk Assessments for Consumption of Fish
  • Water Quality Monitoring
  • Riparian Zone Delineation and Assessment
Wetland Ecosystems Management

  • Wetland Assessments
    • Delineations
    • Functional Assessments
    • Determination of Present Ecological State (PES)
    • Determination of Ecological Importance and Sensitivity (EIS)
  • Wetland Impact and Mitigation Assessments
  • Wetland Rehabilitation Planning and Management
  • Wetland Offset Assessments
Independent specialist reviews of environmental reports and related documents

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Social Services

The social environment is pivotal to sustainable development.  SEF provides various tools and services to its clients with the aim of ensuring that the public and/or community are informed and involved in the planning, implementation, operation and/or decommissioning of plans, programmes, projects or activities.  The social impact of activities are assessed and mitigated to enhance positive impacts and restrict negative impacts.  The inclusion of the public and assessment of the social environment within processes allows for integrated decision-making. SEF ensures that these assessments are designed against specific objectives to facilitate the gathering of relevant information or data.
  • Social & Socio-economic Impact Assessments
  • Public Participation / Stakeholder Engagement
  • Community surveys
  • Social perception surveys
  • Livelihood Assessments
  • Public Sensitivity / Risk Analysis
  • Specialist Facilitation of public / stakeholder engagement processes
  • Evaluation of public participation and communication activities / processes
  • Independent facilitation of focus group meetings, community and public meetings, open-house gatherings, community cafes, workshops and other public events
  • Resettlement Planning and Assistance
  • Social and Labour Plans
  • Social Development Plans
  • Professional Reviews
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FAST FACTSocial Impact Assessment (SIA) is the methodology followed in order to determine the nature and extent the social impact of planned interventions or events, and to develop strategies for the ongoing monitoring and management of those impacts.SEF has vast experience in conducting Social and Socio-Economic Impact Assessments and the NEMA Public Participation process. This allows the company to assist its clients in adhering to the NEMA principles, specifically: sustainable development; public trust doctrine principle; and social equality and access. Quite often these assessments are conducted as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment process; however, they are also carried out independently to develop solutions that satisfy both regulators and stakeholders alike.

Environmental Baseline Studies

Environmental Baseline Studies are aimed at enabling clients to become more pro-active before acquiring land or before commencing on a project with regards to environmental issues. Through this process clients will be in an well-versed position with a sound understanding of the environmental risks applicable to a specific property or land earmarked for acquisition or development.  It will also determine the project feasibility more accurately and will aid in understanding the costs associated with the various environmental application processes to be undertaken prior to commencement.

  • Site Sensitivity Determination
  • Environmental Risk Assessment
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Dust Monitoring

SEF conducted various dust monitoring assessments for a variety of industries across South Africa, including but not limited:

  • IFC Bloemfontein
  • Boekenhout Quarry
  • Ceramics Industry
  • Independent Freight Carriers
  • Lonmin Concentrators EMPr Amendment
  • Omnia Rustenburg
  • Dust Monitoring
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Ecotourism Management

SEF provides professional consulting services to Ecotourism Destinations and Establishments throughout southern africa and abroad. SEF’s aim is to provide turn-key services to ecotourism destinations in effort to unlock their full tourism potential in a sustainable manner, whilst ensuring that visitors to these destinations obtain enlightening, participatory and interactive experiences.
  • Tourism Master Planning
  • Localised Tourism Development Planning
  • Product Development and Packaging
  • Tourism Infrastructure Development
  • SMME Mentorship
  • On-site staff capacitation and training.
  • Product Auditing (Star Grading, Green Flag Trail, Eco Audits, Etc.)
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Geohydrological Services

  • Groundwater Risk Assessment using GMS 8.1
  • Hydrocensus survey
  • Groundwater and Surface water monitoring and reporting
  • Database management for groundwater data
  • Review of hydrogeological work by other consultants
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  • Heritage resource management
  • Heritage impact assessments
  • Heritage Permits
  • Heritage management plans
  • Heritage policy evaluations and strategic planning

Agricultural Potential

Agricultural potential assessment prior and subsequent to any land use is essential for identification of land use associated impacts in order to devise accurate mitigation measures to ensure adherence to the Subdivision of Agricultural Land Act, 1970 (Act No. 70 of 1970) and Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act No. 43 of 1983).

  • Agricultural potential assessment
  • Agricultural management practices
  • Cultivation and crop production

Soil Assessments

Soil is an essential medium of plant growth, its properties largely determine land capability, which in turn infers to the agricultural potential of that particular land. Conservation and judicious use of Natural Resources (soil, water, vegetation, and air) is thus highly imperative particularly with the ensuing global climate change and implicated food security constraints.

  • Reconnaissance soil surveys;
  • Soil classification and delineation;
  • Detailed soil survey (in-situ) and data interpretation;
  • Soil mapping;
  • Soil fertility monitoring;
  • Soil contamination assessment;
  • Recommendations on strategic soil quality management practices;
  • Assessment of the impacts of environmental hazards; and
  • Land suitability classification.

Visual Impact Assessments

Visual and aesthetic components of the environment can be seen as a resource, much like any other resource, which has a value to individuals, to society and to the economy. In addition visual and aesthetic resources may have a scarcity value and are usually not replaceable. These resources are therefore protected by through Environmental Legislation (Acts and Municipal By-laws) and it is therefore important to obtain specialist visual input at the early concept stage of a project in order to help formulate design alternatives, as well as minimising impacts on visual receptors.

  • Viewshed Analysis and Mapping
  • Landscape Character Assessment
  • Visual Impact Assessment
  • 3-D modelling and simulations
  • Visual mitigation